People don’t usually pay much attention to the wooden platform where the boxes and crates are stacked on, but pallets are among the most notable 20th-century breakthroughs in the transportation industry. With the forklift, pallets have ousted other forms of crating due to its many advantages, like usability, cheapness, and the ease to create them. Pallets affect the transport industry and are known to be the most cost-efficient way of crating. Pallet rental at PPS is just some of the ways the pallet business help shape today’s industry.
Here are other facts about pallets:
Pallets have actually been around longer and have been used in ancient times. They’re also known as a skid in the past, though that is a bit inaccurate as actual skids don’t have bottom deck boards. But forklifts and their compatibility with modern packaging have made pallets a better choice for crating rather than wooden barrels or crates.
Pallets are usually made out of wood and they’re divided between disposable pallets and reusable pallets. Because wood is an easy breeding ground for pathogens, the standard ISPM 15 was imposed to require all wooden cratings with materials that are thicker than 6mm to be treated to inhibit the spread of any pathogen it may come in contact with. As a response to increasing price in the production of wooden pallets that degrade eventually, plastic pallets were developed. Though they aren’t as easy to repair and cost much more than wooden pallets, plastic ones are more durable and are immune to a lot of extreme elements. They can also be sanitised easily, resist fire and odour, does not splinter, and is lighter than their wooden counterparts, making them very valuable. Plastic pallets can also be embedded with special parts to make them trackable.
Pallets are so important that they eventually had to be standardised and regulated in terms of materials used to manufacture them as well as their size, weight, and capacity. For example, the Grocery Manufacturer Association and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) both have rules in place for pallet size. The ISO also divides the standards by region, for example, North America uses 40.00 by 48.00 inches pallets, while Asia uses 43.30 by 43.30 inches.
Wooden pallets are considered the most cost-effective way to crate goods, especially because of how compatible they are with modern packaging. Pricing may however change in the future because it is affected by timber supply. Because of this and ISPM 15 regulations, as explained earlier, plastic pallets were born, though it didn’t stop there. Metal, engineered wood, and paper pallets made with corrugated fibreboards were eventually developed as well. Metal pallets are especially stronger and more longer-lasting than their plastic counterparts, making them more cost-effective in the long run. The disadvantage, however, includes a significant increase on manufacturing cost and weight. Metal pallets are mostly used in the transportation of heavy machines and vehicles.