What Are the Effects of Water Damage in the Home?

Water damage is one of the problems that property homeowners dread the most. When an area experiences a heavy downpour of rain in a short period of time, or snow melts very quickly, the risk for water damage inside of a residential or commercial structure increases.

Although it does not look like it, water can cost thousands of dollars to fix because it damages electronics, upholstery, wooden furniture, plumbing equipment, and household appliances. In addition to hiring a water restoration team to assist you with the clean-up, you may also have to hire plumbing experts to restore the plumbing equipment in the home.

The Different Causes of Water Damage

Water damage can occur from a variety of issues. Some of the most common causes are:

  • Clogged toilets
  • Broken pipes
  • Leaky dishwasher
  • Leaky roofs
  • Foundation cracks
  • Broken dishwasher hoses
  • Washing machine overflow

Water damage can also occur from natural causes like heavy rain, floods, and heavy snow. These natural disasters can cause excess water to flood basements and other low lying areas of the home. It does not take a lot of excess water to cause problems. Minor water damage is considered flood water in the basement and major water damage is considered catastrophic damage to a home or business.

Whenever a structure becomes damaged by water, it is critical that the water removal, clean up, and restoration process begins as quickly as possible. The clean-up process will help save water soaked furniture, carpet, clothing, rugs, and other ‘soft’ items.

What are the Different Categories of Water Damage?

It is important to assess the severity of the damage so it can be determined where the water removal and restoration should begin. Water damage is assigned to different categories.

Category 1 is a reference for clean water. This is water that has been determined safe for humans and animals. This type of damage is usually caused by an overflowing sink or a broken appliance.

Category 2 is a reference for gray water. This is water that has been contaminated. It can cause sickness if it is ingested. Broken toilets and broken sump pumps contain water that is full of microorganisms.

Category 3 is black water. This water is very unsanitary, and contains bacteria that will cause sickness. Possible black water sources are standing water contamination and sewer water.


The process of water restoration is important. When the right materials and procedures are used, people can save their personal belongings, and it may also prevent a structure from being condemned. Water restoration companies employ specialists who can help to mitigate the effect of the water. However, it may be necessary to bring in outside experts who can assess the level of damage and recommend a water removal and restoration process that is appropriate for the structure.

Hire a water restoration company as soon as possible to reduce the growth of mildew and mold. These organisms can cause serious health problems for those who have respiratory problems like asthma, allergies, and compromised immune systems. By cleaning the water up immediately after the structure has been flooded, you will help to mitigate the effects of water damage on your health.


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